Anti-Circumcision & 

Foreskin Restoration Resources



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Routine Infant Circumcision Complications of Circumcision 

Religious Circumcision

Circumcision Myths Functions of the Intact Foreskin Foreskin Restoration
Non-Surgical Foreskin Restoration Surgical Foreskin Restoration Resources

Routine Infant Circumcision

    1. This is a cosmetic surgery with no medical value.
    2. It is extremely painful to the baby.   It is completed with no anesthetic!  Just watch one (
    3. It is not recommended by any legitimate medical body including the American Academy of Pediatrics or the World Health Organization.  In fact, no national medical association anywhere in the world supports neonatal circumcision (male or female) on medical grounds.
    4. The majority (85%) of the world's men are not circumcised. Europeans, Canadians, Australia, non-Muslim Asians, and Latin Americans all do not circumcise. That leaves Israel, most Muslim nations, certain primitive tribal groups and the United States. 1
    5. As an adult, he will be missing a full fifteen square inches of penile skin. More skin equals more feeling; more feeling, more enjoyment of sex. (
    6. Reduces Sensitivity:  Intact men enjoy four times more penile sensitivity than circumcised men, according to the "Fine-touch Pressure Thresholds in the Adult Penis" article published today in the British Journal of Urology International.
    7. Non-religious circumcision was introduced into this country on a very small scale in the 1860s for a single purpose-to stop masturbation. Circumcision was used as a deliberate surgical intervention to debilitate and desensitize the penis. (
    8. Circumcision removes 50-80% of the skin of the penis.
    9. Risks of RIC: The estimated 1% to 3% incidence of complications after newborn circumcision covers only the immediate postoperative period prior to the infant's discharge from the hospital.  (
    10. Additional Losses from Circumcision (
    11. Because it isnít broke: don't fix it
    12. Because he will almost always be glad you didn't
    13. What Happens During Circumcision?  (
    14. How You Can Help Stop Circumcision  (
    15. Remember, the rule for an intact infant is Leave It Alone!

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Complications of Circumcision 

    1. "Complications" are defined very conservatively, including only those that are noticed before the baby leaves hospital or that lead to him being brought back to the same hospital or doctor. They don't include aesthetic results so bad the parents take him back for more surgery. Nor do they include the ones the penises' owners learn to live with - after all, part of the rationale of circumcision is horror of the penis, so the mother of a cut baby probably doesn't get to see or attend to a significant proportion of uneven cuts, scarring etc.
    2. Complication include Hairy shaft, Haemorrhage, Infection, Blockage of the Urethra, Deformity, Necrotising fasciitis (Galloping gangrene), Clamp injuries, Loss of glans,
    3. Other complications
      1. Damaged circulation / blood-flow
      2. Tighter erections
      3. Glans scarring / pitting (if adhered)
      4. Frenulum damage or removal, arguably most sensitive part
      5. Trauma

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Religious Circumcision

    1. Links to Jewish Perspectives on Circumcision

                                                              i.      The original Biblical circumcision of Abraham's time was a relatively minor ritual circumcision procedure in which only the redundant end of the foreskin extending beyond the tip of the glans was removed. This was called "Milah". It is from this term that the Jewish Religious Covenant circumcision ritual Bris Milah or Brith Milah got its name. (

    1. Links to Islamic Perspectives on Circumcision
    2. Links for Christians


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Circumcision Myths                                                                                             

    1. Circumcision does not prevent penile cancer.
    2. Circumcision does not prevent cervical cancer in the female partners of circumcised men.
    3. Circumcision does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
    4. Circumcision does not prevent AIDS or HIV infection. Doctors Opposing Circumcision
      HIV Statement  Can circumcision prevent HIV and other STDs?  Circumcision does not prevent the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), but many studies claim that circumcision can reduce a manís risk of acquiring an STD. These studies are often done in poor and under-developed countries and do not take into account personal hygiene, complex social customs, education level, medical services, traditional sexual practices, and genetic factors in susceptibility to disease. Similar studies in industrialized nations, such as Australia, find that circumcision does not reduce the risk of STD transmission. (
    5. Circumcision does not improve penile hygiene.
    6. Circumcision does not prevent infections.
    7. Circumcision does not prevent urinary tract infection.
    8. Circumcision is not painless.
    9. Circumcision does not prevent masturbation.
    10. Is an intact penis longer?  Yes. An Australian survey (3) found that circumcised men had shorter erect penises than intact men, and the difference was statistically significant. This makes good sense as many circumcisions in Australia are too severe, and a tight result can restrict growth of the penis during puberty.  (

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Functions of the Intact Foreskin                                              

    1. The foreskin is necessary for optimal health and well-being of the male, as well as contributing to fulfillment in his sexual relationships. (
      1. Protection
      2. Makes sex feel better
      3. Lubricates during intercourse
      4. Lubricates during masturbation
      5. Reduces the drop insensitivity through age
      6. Allows the erection to grow
      7. Increases sensitivity slowing intercourse  (
    2. The foreskin is one of the most erotically sensitive parts of the penis. It represents 50% to 80% of the skin system of the penis, depending on the length of the penile shaft. It is a unique and highly complex organ. The average foreskin has over three feet of veins, arteries, and capillaries, 240 feet of nerve fibers, and over 1,000 nerve endings. If unfolded, the adult foreskin would measure 20 to 30 square inches.   (
    3. There are many protective and sexual functions of the foreskin  (
    4. The foreskin plays a large role in sexual function. When sexually aroused, its lips expand and unroll over the glans. The glans stimulates the foreskin, and the foreskin stimulates the glans. The foreskin functions much like the eyelid. The inside of the foreskin and the glans of the normal penis are glistening and red, just like the inside of the mouth. The foreskin has glands that produce a natural moisturizer and lubricant called smegma. Smegma serves the same purpose as tears do in the eye: it keeps everything moist, clean, and lubricated. (
    5. Anatomy of the Penis, Mechanics of Intercourse

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Foreskin Restoration

  1. Foreskin restoration is the attempt to reverse the effects of circumcision. Some important points need to be made
    1. Foreskin restoration need not be by surgery but It is not "stretching".
    2. It can produce a remarkably similar appearance and a similar rolling action to an original foreskin and
    3. greatly improved sensation to the glans and to the partner, but
    4. it can never restore all that was lost,
    5. so it does not give any justification to infant circumcision. (

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Non-Surgical Foreskin Restoration 

    1. Non-surgical foreskin restoration is based on TWO fundamental and well-documented dermatological principles, to which the skin of the penis is no exception: (
    2. Skin is an adaptable tissue, capable of expansion and development over time, if moderate tension is applied to it regularly, over several hours at a time;
    3. In the course of this gradual and progressive expansion process, the total number of skin cells increases, resulting in a net gain in skin, and not merely a thinning-out. 
    4. Restoration devices (
    5. Some reasons to restore your foreskin non-surgically (
      1. Restoration returns the protective "cover" over your glans so that when not needed, it will be protected.  It enables the epithelium of the glans to soften and return to a much higher level of sensitivity.
      2. Restoration lengthens the penile sheath so nocturnal erections are not disturbing.  Healthy men of all ages have 2-4 erections a day whether they like it or not. Even if you have sex twice a week, 90% of your erections are non-sexual. The rest occur unsought during sleep. Many men notice these erections awaken them because their remnant skin stretches too tight. That is disruptive of healthy REM sleep and unnecessary. Restoration is a good cure.
      3. Restoration gives you back then natural gliding motion of normal intercourse which reduces the friction on both you and your partner.
      4. Restoration recreates the moist environment in which the glans was meant to reside. When your denuded glans dried out, it protected itself with a layer of keratinized cells, and surface nerve receptors receded. This reduces the exquisite sensation of sex, (that was the historical point) and also obliges circumcised men to use lubrication. Restoration sheds dried cells and eventually returns the glans to its normal moist, sensitive state as an internal structure.
      5. Restoration is ridiculously easy, simple, cheap, and hardly noticeable when done correctly, but takes a while - 2 years or more.
      6. Frequently Asked Questions About Foreskin Restoration  (

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Surgical Foreskin Restoration

Surgical restoration has been known to give satisfactory results but it has also produced some disasters. It is expensive. The cosmetic surgeons who do it are mainly concerned with appearance. They tend not to know of the foreskin's function. Many circumcised men are unwilling to subject their penises to a knife again. The main advantage of surgery over tissue expansion is that results are quick. (

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"One can never be too rich or too thin or have too much foreskin."
John A. Erickson
British Journal of Urology (Letters), August 1997


National Association of Restoring Men (NORM)

NoCirc National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers

Doctors Opposing Circumcision

The Intactivism Pages

National Organization to Halt the Abuse and Routine Mutilation of Males

Circumcision Information and Resource Pages

Mothers against Circumcision

Circumcision: A Guide for expectant Parents

The Foreskin Restoration Resource

Information about foreskin restoration


Where Is My Foreskin? The Case Against Circumcision. Paul M. Fleiss, MD.

Foreskin Restoration Chat 

The Foreskin Anatomy

Bigelow, J. The Joy of Uncircumcising! Aptos: Hourglass Book Publishing, 1995. 

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This site was last updated 07/24/14